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Handbook | D. Regulations for Specific Competitions | D.II. Cycle for Competitions for Men's and Women's National Teams | 08. World Chess Team Championship

08. World Chess Team Championship

Regulations for the World Chess Team Championship

Approved by the 1984 General Assembly and amended by the 1987, 1991, 1993 and 1995 General Assemblies.




The World Team Championship shall be held at four-year intervals.


Commencement: 1985.


Initially, the championship will be for men's teams only.


The World Team Championship is the sequel to the Continental Championships and the Chess Olympiad (See synopsis in D.II.08, section 1.71).


Organizing body

FIDE, represented by the FIDE President.



The administrator will be appointed through a special selection process.

He will be responsible to FIDE, and must abide by these regulations. The administrator shall make available all the necessary premises, staff and funds for the contest. The minimum requirements are laid down in individual sections of these regulations. The administrator may utilize the services of outside bodies or private persons for the purpose of financing and running the contest.

Administrators may be proposed by the Federations. The President may also receive offers from sponsors outside the sphere of FIDE.

The tasks of the administrator are detailed in subsequent sections of these regulations.



Travelling costs: participating Federations,

Living expenses: organizing Federation.


System of play

(GA '95) All-play-all (single-round matches.)




FIDE and the organizing committee shall appoint

  • officers, and/or
  • specialist sub-committees

to control the play and conduct the administrative business of the championship, as specified in further detail in the organization scheme which is enclosed (D.II.08, Annexes A and B).



Qualification for the World Chess Team Championship

The four continental Champions.

(GA '95) The three highest-placed men's teams in the Chess Olympiad before the World Chess Team Championship. If one or more of the top three teams have already qualified for the World Team Championship by winning a Continental Championship, their qualification as Continental team champions will pass to the team placed next in the respective Continental Championships.

A team representing the organizing federation.

(GA '95) The organizing federation in co-ordination with the FIDE President is allowed to invite up to two other teams.

Example (1995-1997 cycle):

1995 Continental Champinships 4 winning teams
1996 Olympiad 3 highest placed
1997 World Team Championship 7 teams
Possible two invited teams plus organizing federation 2
plus organizin federation 1 team
Total 8 or 10 teams

(GA '95) Qualification for the World Team Championship by three teams from the Chess Olympiad is only valid within the respective cycle, and applies exclusively to the next Team Championship after the Olympiad (compare synopsis).

This means that in alternate Olympiads (1994, 1998 and so on in four-year intervals) there will be no qualification for the World Team Championship.


Composition of teams

4 players plus 2 reserves = 6 (including captain)

1 chief of delegation for the federation = 1

total = 7 persons


The captain

may be either a player or a reserve.

Duties: - Leadership of the team in matches

Liaison with the Chief Arbiter.


Chief of delegation

The Federations take full responsibility for the conduct of their players. Every federation shall be represented by a chief of delegation.

Duties: - Administrative supervision of the team; and

Liaison with the organizing authorities and Tournament Director.



Continental Championships Olympiad World Team Championship
Year Oct/Nov Oct/Mov Oct/Nov
1995 x
1996 x
1997 x
1998 x
1999 x
2000 x
2001 x
2002 x


-and in the same recurring sequence thereafter.


(GA '95) Duration of the World Team Championship

14 days as follows:

Day 1 arrival
Day 2-6 rounds 1-5
Day 7 rest day
Day 8-9 rounds 6-7
Day 10 round 8 or closing (w/ 8 teams)
Day 11 adjourned games or departure (w/ 8 teams)
Day 12 round 9
Day 13 adjourned games and closing ceremony
Day 14 departure


Appointment of the administrator


A proposal to undertake the organization and running of a World Chess Team Championship may take the form of

  1. a provisional application (for the granting of an "option" - see below), or
  2. a direct and concrete offer.

A decision on the proposals will be made by the General Assembly, or


by the President (in between congresses, after the expiry of the "options").


Provisional application

Instead of a direct, firm offer, application may be made for an "option" to organize the championship; this means that the Federation applying proposes to state its firm intention within a specific period.


Provisional applications are to be made on the form prescribed by the FIDE Handbook, and submitted to the General Secretary.


A provisional application fee of 500 Swiss Francs must at the same time be paid to FIDE.


The General Assembly shall decide on the order in which the Federations that made provisional applications will be granted options (first, second, third option - etc.), and on the period of validity of these options.


The Federation which is granted the first option shall within 30 days pay FIDE the deposit for the organization of a World Chess Team Championship (SFr.2,500), less the provisional application fee already paid (SFr.500).


If the deposit is not paid on time, then

the option is cancelled; the provisional application fee is forfeited; and an option is granted to the next Federation (in the order laid down by the General Assembly.)


If paragraph 2.25 is enforced, the FIDE General Secretary will inform the Federation that has been accorded the next option. The procedure will then be continued as in paragraph 2.24.


Upon fulfillment of the conditions

  • granting of an option
  • payment of the application fee and deposit,

the Federation receiving the option shall, within the period of validity of that option, submit to the FIDE President a firm offer to organize the contest.


If the firm offer is not made, the fee and deposit already paid shall be forfeited to FIDE.


Direct, concrete offers for the organization of the championship will be decided on directly by the General Assembly.


The offers are to be made in writing, on the application form.


Acceptance of an offer by the General Assembly is conditional upon payment of the deposit fee to FIDE, within 30 days, by the Federation making the offer.


If the Federation later abandons the undertaking, the deposit is forfeited to FIDE.


After the holding of the Chess Team Championship, the deposit will be repaid to the Federation by which the contest was organized.


Period of preparation for the World Chess Team Championship


By the end of the year in which the Olympiad preceding the World Team Championship has been held, the FIDE General Secretary will give the organizing Federation the names of the Chess Federations which have qualified to participate in the championship.


Draft submitted to the FIDE President


Not later than 6 months before the start of the tournament, the Federation entrusted with the organization must deliver to the FIDE President a draft of the invitation to the contest, which will contain full information on the following:

  1. venue;
  2. dates for the start and finish of the championship, and application deadlines;
  3. material arrangements for the participating teams;
  4. travel facilities, conditions for visas, etc.

At the same time as this draft is submitted, the President must be invited

  • to inspect the venue, and
  • to conduct a preliminary discussion at the administrator's expense.


Immediately afterwards, the draft invitation will receive the President's confirmation, with (if appropriate) a note of any modification which he considers desirable on the basis of his inspection of the venue and the preliminary discussion. If necessary, further inspections are to be arranged.


Organizing Committee

On receiving the President's confirmation (3.3), the Federation of the administrator shall form an organizing committee, the duties of which are laid down in section 4.


Invitation to the Federations

Not later than 5 months before the start of the championship, the organizing Federation shall send the invitation in its final form to all Federations entitled to participate. Copies of this invitation are to be forwarded to the members of the Executive Council and the Zone Presidents.


Notice of participation


Not later than 4 months before the start of the tournament, every Federation that intends to exercise its right of participation must inform the organizing Federation that it accepts the invitation.

Copies of the letter of acceptance should at the same time be sent to the FIDE General Secretary and the President of the Federation's Zone.


At the same time, the Federation concerned must pay FIDE the requisite entry fee.


If any team which has qualified for the World Chess Team Championship declines to take part, the following procedure shall be followed.

If a national team representing a continent withdraws, it will be replaced by the Federation that finished next highest in the Continental Championship.

If the team that withdraws is a combined continental team rather than a national team, the vacant place will be filled by the Federation that finished next highest (after those that have qualified already) in the Chess Olympiad.

If a team that qualified via the Chess Olympiad withdraws, the Federation finishing next highest in that contest will have the right of participation in the World Team Championship.


Submission of team lists

Not later than 3 months before the start of the tournament, every Federation that has entered must notify the following details to the administrator:

  1. name and initials of the chief of delegation;
  2. name and initials of the team captain;
  3. name of each team member (one first name in full, initial of additional first names, surname);
  4. FIDE ratings of team members (according to the most recent FIDE rating list);
  5. any information required in connection with visas.

Organization of World Chess Team Championship by the administrator


Organizing Committee

The World Team Championship will be held in accordance with the FIDE organization scheme laid out in D.II.08, Annexes A and B.


The Federation entrusted with the organization shall, in consultation with the administrator, appoint a chairman for the organizing committee.


The chairman of the organizing committee shall assign personnel to the committee's sub-departments, except in so far as this falls within the competence of FIDE.


Each sub-department will be assigned a manager; the chairman is free to decide on any further administrative structuring that he considers necessary.


A tournament physician must be at the disposal of the participants for the duration of the contest.


A list of the staff in the organization sub-departments must be supplied to the FIDE General Secretary and to the organizing Federation. Addresses, telephone, telefax and telex numbers (where applicable) should be included.


After the organizing committee is constituted, further arrangements for the World Team Championship will be made in consultation with the FIDE President.


In addition to this, the administrator shall take responsibility for informing his Federation of points which he considers to be important.




Combined financial accounts are to be kept; all ascertainable income and expenditure must be itemized for inspection.


The financial accounts of the World Chess Team Championship are subject to the inspection and approval of the FIDE President.


Income accruing from the World Team Championship through admission charges, concessions, sale of equipment, etc., shall go to the administrator.


The television rights, including video and film rights, belong to FIDE.


FIDE shall be reimbursed for the expenses it incurs in direct connection with the contest and its preparation, according to the account presented by the General Secretary.


Provision of amenities and stipends


The form of amenities provided for members of the organizing committee, and the extent of compensation paid to them in the absence of work, will be at the discretion of a panel consisting of the following committee members:

  • chairman
  • manager of the sub-department for finance
  • representative of the organizing Federation.

To the FIDE principals (see 4.33), the administrator shall pay stipends and provide amenities as detailed in the following paragraphs.

Any intended changes in the level of stipends and pocket money will be submitted by the President to the General Assembly for approval.


The FIDE principals are:

  • the President
  • the Chief Arbiter, and
  • the 3 members of the Appeals Committee.

The functions of these principals are laid down in section 6 ("Parties to the World Chess Team Championship").

  1. The stipend shall be 6000 SFr. for the President, 5000 SFr. for the Chief Arbiter, and 3000 SFr. for each member of the appeals committee.
  2. Any of the principals who are active at the championship for only part of the time will only receive a pro rata portion of the stipend.
  3. For the services of the FIDE General Secretary, a fee of 3000 SFr. will be paid.
  4. The administrator shall make personal stewards available to the principals, to ensure the provision of amenities. For the duration of the contest, including agreed periods before and afterwards, these stewards must be available round the clock.
  5. The administrator is responsible only for such amenities as are actually utilized by any of the principals during the period of the contest and in the course of activity directly connected with it, at the tournament venue or in transit.
  6. The administrator will be host to the principals for the entire duration of the contest.

Provision for the principals


  • The President is entitled to first class travel by air, sea or rail.
  • For all other principals, provision shall be made for return travel by air, sea or rail, or (at their own option) by other means of transport, which shall not, however, be more costly to the administrator than air travel.
  • All travel arrangements will be made by the administrator. Principals who wish to make their own arrangements will do so entirely at their own risk.


  • For the President: a suite in a hotel of his choice.
  • For each of the other principals: a double room with bath/WC.
  • All principals should be accommodated in the same hotel.

Food and drink

  • Free choice of items on the restaurant menu in the hotel and at the tournament site; free use of hotel room service.
  • On payment of daily allowance for food, the best possible conditions should be ensured for dining in several good restaurants; the allowance should be paid every 10 days.
  • In the matter of food and drink, all principals are to be treated equally.

Pocket Money

  • 50 Swiss Francs per person per day, in local currency.
  • The account will be settled with the administrator jointly at regular intervals, through a representative of the principals.

Transport in the tournament locality

  • For the President: a chauffeur-driven car.
  • For the other principals: a pool of cars shall be provided, the use of which will depend on the location of the hotels, tournament hall and media center, and on the leisure requirements of the principals. Where appropriate, journeys should be made jointly, by arrangement with the administrator.

Leisure facilities

General access, without lengthy waiting periods, to a variety of sport and recreation facilities such as swimming, tennis, bowling and riding; also to libraries, museums, concerts, theaters, etc.

Medical care

  • Consultation by the tournament physician; any medical services he prescribes.
  • The administrator will meet the cost of treating acute illnesses, but not chronic ailments.


The provision of amenities for persons accompanying the principals will be settled between the President and the administrator.


Provision for the arbiters

will be as arranged by the organizing committee.


If not enough arbiters of the organizing Federation are available to control the separate team matches in the championship, the organizing committee may arrange (by direct contact) to supplement their number with arbiters from neighboring Federations.


By arrangement with these arbiters (either directly or through their Federations), the administrator shall provide for their travelling expenses, accommodation, meals and pocket money.


Provision for teams


Travelling expenses

shall be met by the individual Federations.


Expenses for accommodation, meals and pocket money shall be met by the administrator.

  • 7 persons per team shall be provided for.
  • All team members are to be accommodated in single rooms.
  • The quality of accommodation and meals shall match the standards and importance of the World Chess Team Championship.
  • Pocket money shall be paid in the following amounts (per person per day):

World Champion: 100 SFr.

Grandmasters: 50 SFr.

Others: 30 SFr.



shall be provided by the administrator.


Furnishing of the playing hall

The administrator is responsible for the furnishing and upkeep of the playing hall and its environs.

The FIDE flag and the national flags of the participating Federations are to be flown from the playing hall.

The hall is to be divided into a playing area and a spectator area.

Acoustics, decoration, ventilation, heating or air conditioning, and lighting must conform to the highest modern standards. The carpeting should eliminate distracting noise.

Tables, chairs, chess boards, pieces and clocks should be chosen according to FIDE specifications.

The spectator area must be clearly separated from the playing area, but spectators must have the opportunity to follow the matches directly.

The players must not, however, be disturbed by spectators.

The Chief Arbiter shall decide what constitutes a disturbance. If necessary, those causing it will be expelled from the hall.

The administrator shall appoint staff with clearly visible insignia to supervise the hall.

Relaying of the games on video equipment or demonstration boards (with or without commentaries) may only take place in side rooms of the playing hall. The equipment, management and staffing of these rooms are the responsibility of the administrator.


Media Facilities


The administrator shall make every conceivable effort to attract the world's finest reporters and equip them to convey the best possible presentation of these matches to all those who cannot witness them as spectators.


The administrator shall ensure an efficient media service for

  • writers
  • photographers
  • national and international news agencies, and
  • the electronic media.

The administrator shall appoint an information officer to supervise these activities, and shall set up a media center (press center).


The media center should be:

  • near the playing hall, with easy access to parking;
  • large enough to contain all necessary professional equipment, as well as relaxation and refreshment facilities for journalists;
  • under strict supervision to exclude anyone not in possession of a valid pass issued by the administrator;
  • open for a period before the contest (as determined by the administrator), and for one day after the end of the contest; and
  • manned by properly qualified personnel.

Facilities in the media center

  • Work rooms:
    Sufficient tables and chairs (if possible, not more than 2 people to a table); typewriters with various keyboards; paper, telex rolls and other general stationery; copying machines.
  • Information area:
    Clearly marked notice boards for news and results service; a public address system to inform journalists of calls or messages.
  • Means of communication:
    Telephone in booths or with soundproof canopies; telex machines with accessories, with self service or operation by staff; monitors.
  • The refreshment bar or restaurant, and lavatories, should be in the immediate vicinity.

Guidelines for co-operation with journalists


All persons wishing to operate in the media center must receive official credentials.


Every journalist (in the wide sense) shall be issued a pass. This must incorporate a firmly attached photograph, and must be worn prominently on all media premises.


The passes will give access to

  • the playing hall
  • the media center, and
  • the restaurant(s) for the players and press.

Accommodation for journalists

The administrator shall assist journalists with hotel reservations. He shall recommend suitable accommodation at favourable prices, or endeavour to make it available. The journalists should preferably be accommodated in a single hotel or in adjacent hotels. Information supplied to journalists should include: addresses, telephone or telex numbers, location of hotels, and prices.



All possible methods of payment for the use of facilities, especially in the media center, should be permitted (credit cards, cash, telephone calls with reversed charges, telex cards).


Press conferences

For these, special rooms should be made available.

Notice of all press conferences by the President or players, as well as any special announcements by the administrator, should be conveyed to the journalists in good time. Similarly, all principals should be informed.


Conduct of interviews

General interviews with participants in the championship may be conducted by direct arrangements with those concerned.


Conduct in the playing hall

  • On entering the playing hall, media personnel are treated as spectators.
  • They are subject to the regulations applying to spectators, except in so far as their work as media personnel necessarily requires exceptions.
  • The taking of photographs in the playing hall is restricted to officially recognized reporters with the administrator's express permission.
  • This permission will only be valid for the first 10 minutes after the start of any round.
  • Film or television cameras and recording instruments may be brought into the press lobby or spectator area, installed and operated, only by special permission of the administrator.


Specific measures at the start of the championship or shortly before it


Notification of the precise schedule to the Federations

Not later than 6 weeks before the start of the championship, all participating Federations must possess the following information:


Date and time of:

  • the opening ceremony,
  • the start of the first round,
  • the end of the final round,
  • the closing ceremony.

Note: these particulars are of great importance to the travelling teams. Only precise information from the administrator enables the Chess Federations to make the correct bookings for air, sea or rail travel in good time.


The administrator's hospitality to teams shall commence with the evening meal and night's accommodation on the day before the opening ceremony. It shall end after breakfast on the day following the closing ceremony.


Any extra arrangements, and provision for their cost (e.g. in case of missed airway connections etc.), must be agreed in advance with the administrator.


The FIDE principals must be present 3 days before the opening ceremony. The services provided to them by the administrator shall begin from that time.


The Federations are to ensure that every team captain and every chief of delegation possess copies of the World Team Championship regulations and the FIDE laws. The administrator will supply the participants in the championship with folders of literature giving points of information and interest.



The administrator shall send written invitations to the FIDE principals 6 weeks before the opening ceremony. Copies of these invitations shall go to the FIDE General Secretary.



Three days before the opening ceremony, in the evening, the administrator shall give a small reception, where the FIDE principals will be introduced to the staff and managers of the organizing committee.


Inspection of the venue, and concluding discussion


Two days before the opening ceremony, in the morning, the chief organizers will meet, at the administrator's invitation, to inspect the tournament venue.


Immediately after this inspection, a discussion of its results will take place among the same group of people. Any wishes relating to other matters may also be voiced at this point. A report on the results of the discussion will be made by the administrator, and copies of it will be distributed to all who participated.


Before the first round of the tournament, the administrator shall ensure that action is taken on the matters arising from the discussion. If necessary, a further inspection should be arranged.



The administrator shall provide conspicuous passes for players and organizers.


Care of players

The administrator and his colleagues shall give every assistance in looking after the players, both immediately after their arrival and during the tournament itself.

The administrator shall make every effort to provide the players with the best possible quality of accommodation, food and drink, transport, and playing conditions.


Opening ceremony


All players and organizers shall take part in this ceremony.


Public figures, sponsors and guests should be invited.


The ceremony should begin and end with music; folklore contributions are desirable.


The programme of events and the list of speakers are to be agreed between the FIDE President and the chairman of the organizing committee.


The building or hall where the ceremony is held shall be decorated with the FIDE flag and the flag of the host country.


At the start of the ceremony, the national anthem of the host country and the FIDE anthem shall be played.


Parties to the World Chess Team Championship


The FIDE President represents the interest of FIDE and is empowered to take the final decision in all questions relating to the championship as a whole.


Organizational spheres of competence


The chairman of the organizing committee

represents the interests of the administrator. He shall appoint the managers of the administrative sub-departments and establish contacts with official bodies, associations and sponsors. He will be the highest authority in the organizational process, especially in the financial sphere.


The Tournament Director

will be appointed by the chairman of the organizing committee.

He is competent for all matters of organization inside the tournament hall.

His tasks are indicated by the organization plan in Annex B, and by the specific tournament regulations.

The organization plan is to be treated as a guide. Alterations or additions to it, demanded by local and technical conditions, may if necessary be undertaken with the agreement of the organizing committee.

For the performance of his tasks, the organizing committee will assign to the Tournament Director two Deputy Tournament Directors, as well as any other management personnel and assistants who may be considered necessary.

The plan for the organizational framework in its final form, as determined by the organizing committee, shall be distributed before the start of the tournament to all FIDE principals, chiefs of delegation and team captains.

The Tournament Director shall maintain close contact with the Chief Arbiter, and will be responsible for the availability of regular and assistant arbiters for the playing sessions.

The layout of the tournament hall will be decided by agreement with the Chief Arbiter.


The information officer

is wholly an agent of the organizing committee. He will be appointed by the committee chairman.

He will be supplied with competition results and news by the Tournament Director.

The information officer in his own capacity will decide how to utilize and publicize this information.

His organizational responsibility is the management of the media center.


Spheres of competence in controlling the play


The play shall be controlled by:

  • the Chief Arbiter
  • the Regular Arbiters
  • the Assistant Arbiters.

The Chief Arbiter

will be in charge of the controlling team in the World Chess Team Championship. He must be an International Arbiter.

After consultation with the chairman of the organizing committee, the President shall propose the Chief Arbiter to the General Assembly for approval.

The Chief Arbiter shall conduct the draw for the tournament in the presence of the team captains.


The regular and assistant arbiters

shall be placed by the Tournament Director at the disposal of the Chief Arbiter, according to the latter's requirements. The Chief Arbiter shall instruct them in their duties and manage them.


The general responsibility of all arbiters

is the trouble-free conduct of the playing sessions in the World Chess Team Championship.

The arbiters shall ensure overall compliance with the Laws of Chess and the supplementary regulations.

They are expected to insist that participants observe a high standard of chess etiquette and refrain from disturbing or harassing their opponents (e.g. by repeated draw offers or by crowding round any board).

In doubtful cases the Chief Arbiter will decide what constitutes a disturbance and will act accordingly. Any personnel required to implement his decision shall be provided by the Tournament Director.


The assistant arbiters

shall support the regular arbiters, and shall have the following specific tasks:

  • to ensure the playing equipment is in order and is set up ready for the start of each game;
  • to check that the players are correctly seated, facing the right opponents;
  • to make sure that the clocks are set correctly for the start of play;
  • to see that the starting of clocks at the beginning of the session proceeds according to the tournament regulations for the championship;
  • to check that the clocks are going correctly during the game;
  • to ensure that enough regular assistant arbiters are on hand to watch the clocks at the time control, if several players are in time trouble at once;
  • to ascertain whether the requisite number of moves have been made upon expiry of the allocated time;
  • to record the time on each player's clock, if article 12.5 of the Laws of Chess is implemented;
  • to give assistance as far as possible, if players express any wishes during the game;
  • to prevent any unnecessary conversations in the course of play.

Infringements of the regulations are to be reported to the regular arbiters.

For every match, the assistant arbiters must draw up a results sheet featuring the number of the round, the countries involved, lists of the players in board order, and the results of finished games. This results sheet (or where necessary a partial results list) must be handed to the Chief Arbiter immediately after the end of the round.

Controllers and spectators are not permitted to smoke in the tournament hall, but easily accessible parts of the premises without this prohibition should be made available for them.


The teams

are the men's national teams for the Federations that have qualified. The players must be entitled by birth, citizenship or naturalization to represent their Federation. Detailed eligibility rules are in Reg. C.05.

(Temporary exception: D.II.03, combined continental team as representative for Africa.)

A player who has resided for at least three years in a country of which he or she is not a citizen after the date on which FIDE shall have received notification of change of Federation and who proves that he or she has applied for citizenship in that country or intends to do so as soon as the legal requirements are fulfilled may become a team member of a Federation after a thorough examination and clearance of the case by the FIDE President.

A player with dual citizenship may only represent one Federation and is eligible by citizenship to participate in the World Team Championship on condition that he or she has not represented any other Federation in any FIDE team or individual competition at any time in the preceding year.

(For the 1993 World Team Championship, transitional regulations for eligibility C.05-6.2 shall apply. Instead of the respective periods of three years mentioned herein there shall be substituted the period of one year plus the period between 1 January 1992 and the date on which any question of eligibility thereunder falls to be determined.)

Every participating team is in principle under obligation to play in the tournament from start to finish.

If a team is, however, compelled to withdraw from the tournament through circumstances beyond its control, the treatment of any unplayed matches for the purpose of scoring will be settled by the FIDE President, the Tournament Director and the Chief Arbiter. Any further measures will be taken later by the President in consultation with the Executive Council.

Every team will be headed by a captain (in matters relating to the play) and a chief of delegation (in administrative matters).

Before the start of the contest, each participating Federation shall send the administrator two miniature flags of its nationality, suitable to be placed on the tables. (For Africa: arrangements to be agreed.)

Every chief of delegation must be equipped by his Federation with a tape recording of his country's national anthem.

Board order

At the beginning of the championship, the players in each team must be placed on a list in a fixed board order (1-6) by their captain. The board order cannot be changed during the tournament.

During the whole course of the contest, the players must conduct themselves in accordance with sporting fairness and decency, and must take care neither to distract nor to trouble their opponents. They should endeavour to settle all disputes by mutual accommodation.

Prior agreement between players or captains as to the result of individual games or of a match will be penalized with the utmost severity. If any such agreement is proved to have taken place, the points apportioned by it will be forfeited, and the matter will be referred to the appeals committee for the fixing of the penalty.


The team captains

Before the start of a round, the captain of a team must deliver to the Chief Arbiter, or to a representative appointed by the latter for this purpose, a sealed envelope containing a list of the team members who are to take part in the round in question. If this list is not delivered by the appointed time, the team may only use the players numbered 1 - 4 in the board order.

In the exercise of his functions the team captain has the right of access to the area reserved for the players, but it is his duty to ensure that the members of his team who are not involved in the current match or have finished their games do not enter or remain in this area.

At the end of the playing session, the captain is responsible both for reporting the result to the controllers and for delivering to them legibly written scoresheets of the finished games.

During the games the captain must refrain from interfering in any way. He is, however, entitled to advise his players on the offering or accepting of draws or the resigning of games, provided that he makes no comment on the actual position on the chessboard, and confines himself to giving brief information which can in no sense be construed as an opinion about the course of the game. The exchange of information between captain and players must take place in the presence of a controller.

The captain is permitted to appoint a deputy to exercise his functions, but must inform the Chief Arbiter of this in writing.

In matters relating directly to the play, the captain alone is entitled to lodge protests or present demands made by his players.


Special committees


In the Chief Arbiter's initial discussion with the team captains, the latter shall elect an

Advisory panel.


This panel shall be composed of 5 persons, as follows:

  • the members may be team captains or players;
  • they must belong to different Federations;
  • the 5 members shall nominate their own chairman.

The task of the advisory panel is to give advice to the Chief Arbiter and Tournament Director whenever they request it. Equally, the appeals committee or the FIDE President may take advice from the panel before arriving at decisions.


Requests for this advice should be addressed to the chairman of the panel.


Procedure in the case of infringement of the rules, disputes and improper conduct

In matters relating to the play:

  • the initial decision - will be taken by the arbiters
  • an appeal against the decision - may be addressed to the Chief Arbiter
  • the second, provisionally binding decision - will be taken by the Chief Arbiter.

In administrative matters:

the initial decision - will be taken by the Deputy Tournament Director

an appeal against this decision - may be addressed to the Tournament Director

the second, provisionally binding decision - will be taken by the Tournament Director.

General stipulation

Any ruling by the Chief Arbiter or Tournament Director will take effect immediately; any proceedings which were suspended will then be resumed

Written protests

against decisions of the Chief Arbiter or Tournament Director are permissible and will be settled by an appeals committee.


The appeals committee


The FIDE President, as the highest executive officer of the World Chess Team Championship, will have the support of an appeals committee, of which he himself will select the three members.


The President will appoint one of the members as chairman.

None of the 3 members may belong to the organizing Federation.


The following may be subject to rulings by the appeals committee:

  • protests against decisions of the Chief Arbiter or Tournament Director;
  • complaints of improper conduct by participants in the championship;
  • any other matters which the committee considers important and worth debating.

Procedure of appeals

  • Any protest against a decision by the Chief Arbiter or the Tournament Directors must be typed and presented to the appeals committee in triplicate, together with the sum of 100 Swiss Francs or the equivalent in local currency, as a deposit from the signatory. If the appeal is granted, this sum will be returned immediately.
  • Those entitled to present appeals are the team captains and chiefs of delegation. Where appropriate, the appeal may be accompanied by written statements from witnesses.
  • The deposit must be handed to the chairman of the appeals committee. If the appeal is refused, the deposit is forfeited to FIDE.
  • Requests to the appeals committee by organizers of the championship may be made without payment.

Upon submission of the appeal, the committee will proceed to examine the evidence. For this purpose it may take statements from anyone as required, consult members of the advisory panel, and conduct other forms of investigation. The decision of the appeals committee should be reached as quickly as possible.


The appeals committee should endeavor to find acceptable solutions in the FIDE spirit. It may resolve disputed issues with or without disciplinary action. In the case of gross unsporting offenses or other misconduct, the following principles apply:

  • The supplementary tournament regulations under the Laws of Chess provide for the penalization of players who break the rules; the FIDE Interpretation of the laws state that "arbiters are requested to impose, in cases where clear contravention of the moral principles of the game is demonstrated, penalties as severe as the loss of the game."
  • If a participant fails to comply with the Laws of Chess or the relevant regulations, disobeys the controllers, commits breaches of chess etiquette or conducts himself improperly inside or outside the tournament building, the following steps may be taken.

Code of penalties

For minor offences or petty infringements

  • admonishment
  • correction
  • demand for an apology to the offended party.

If a participant fails to make the apology demanded of him, which must be presented to the offended party in writing, the appeals committee will instead impose a fine, the amount of which will have been stipulated in a postscript to the original verdict.

For serious offences

  • written warning
  • fine
  • conditional or definitive disqualification

The appeals committee shall decide whether an offence is "serious" or "minor". All fines are to be remitted to FIDE through the administrator, who should be notified by the committee.

The Federation shall take responsibility for their players.


Right of veto and commutation

All rulings by the appeals committee are subject to the President's right of veto. Applications for the veto to be exercised must be submitted to the President in writing, not later than 24 hours after the appeals committee has communicated its verdict. An application submitted late will be invalid. The President may confirm the committee's decision, quash it or reduce the penalties imposed.



The attempt is made in these regulations to draw a clear line of demarcation between the sphere of competence of the Chief Arbiter and that of the Tournament Director.

Notwithstanding this attempt, there will repeatedly be borderline cases, an overlapping of functions, and questions of prerogative.

In such cases the Tournament Director and the Chief Arbiter should endeavour to resolve the question between themselves.

If this proves impossible, the question of competence shall be decided by the appeals committee.

In the process of its development, the World Chess Team Championship will be in constant need of new impulses; it will be continually changing.

To ascertain the tendencies during the championship and determine the correct mode of co-operation between all parties, one member of the appeals committee will be appointed as a


FIDE observer.


The FIDE observer has the task (though without being bound by a specific schedule or agenda) of appraising the overall workings of the World Team Championship from the point of view of FIDE.

He will not take any measures, but will make observations and gather information. He will report directly to the FIDE President whenever any alterations or improvements seem desirable.

The President, in consultation with the chairman of the organizing committee, will then consider whether immediate measures seem appropriate, or whether changes should be proposed through the Executive Council and Central Committee, for a decision by the next General Assembly.

The FIDE observer should be supported by all parties to the World Chess Team Championship.


Tournament regulations for the World Chess Team Championship


Laws of Chess

The general FIDE laws shall be applied with their supplements and interpretations as laid down by the FIDE Rules Commission. The following specific regulations for the World Team Championship will also be in force.


System of play

The contest will be run on an all-play-all basis; each team shall play one match against every other team.



The matches will be conducted according to a playing schedule which must be distributed to the participants before the start of the tournament. The time span between the opening and closing ceremonies must not exceed 14 days. Only in exceptional cases may the Chief Arbiter, in consultation with the Tournament Director, make alterations to the times of play. If this is done, all those concerned are to be informed directly (not merely by a notice on a notice-board).


Start and finish of the session

Five minutes before play commences, the Tournament Director must announce the approaching start of the session by sounding a double acoustic signal.

The beginning or end of the playing session shall be announced by a single acoustic signal.

Once the signal for the start of the round has been given, the clock of the player with the white pieces shall be started by his opponent. If the player of the black pieces is not present at the appointed time, his clock shall be started by the player with white, but without any move being made by the latter. Then, when the player of the black pieces arrives, he shall start his opponent's clock and the latter shall make his first move. If both players are absent, white's clock will be started by the assistant arbiter. Any player arriving at the chessboard more than one hour late forfeits the game. If both opponents arrive more than one hour late, the game shall be declared lost for both of them.


Time control

The time limit is 40 moves in 100 minutes, then 20moves in 50 minutes and finally 10 minutes for the remaining moves. From move 1 30 seconds will be added after each move. The games shall be played using the DGT clocks.



Each team's place in the order of classification will be decided by the number of game points it has scored.


If any teams finish with equal game points, the tie shall be resolved as follows:

  1. by match points (won match = 1 point, drawn match = 1/2 point);
  2. if a tie again results, the scores obtained by the tying teams against each other will decide;
  3. if a tie again results, it shall be decided by board count (Berlin System) as follows:
    a win on Board 1 4 points
    a win on Board 2 3 points
    a win on Board 3 2 points
    a win on Board 4 1 point
    In case of drawn games these points are shared.
    If the board-count results in no victory for either side then the board points of Board 4 are cancelled and so on upwards until the tie is broken.
  4. if a tie still results between teams in contention for medals, these teams shall play a match against each other at a fast time-rate (15 minutes per player for the entire game);
  5. if this match is Undecisive, lots shall be drawn.


The winning team in the World Chess Team Championship shall receive a special trophy.

The Federation of the winning team shall keep the trophy, which is the property of FIDE, until the next World Chess Team Championship.

The trophy is to be competed for at each successive championship; it cannot be acquired in perpetuity.

The dates of the tournament and the name of the winning Federation are to be engraved on the base of the trophy. Should the original trophy be lost, a replacement is to be made on the same pattern.

The winning Federation of the tournament, and the names of its players, shall be recorded in the FIDE Golden Book, of which the President has custody.


Chess Medals

Every member of the winning team (players, reserve and captain) shall receive a gold medal. Similarly, the team finishing second shall receive silver medals and team in third place bronze medals.


Individual prizes

Players assigned to the same board number in their respective team lists will be in competition with each other for an individual board prize (in money or goods). For the purpose of this award, the players' percentage scores from their games will be compared.

Only the following will be eligible for board prizes:

  • players numbered 1 - 4 who take part in at least 60% of the rounds;
  • players numbered 5 - 6 who take part in at least 50% of the rounds.

Additional prizes

offered by the administrator or by sponsors should be made known to the players in good time, together with the conditions of their award. The FIDE President shall decide how and when such prizes are to be presented.



After the end of the championship, the Federations of the teams finishing first, second and third will be sent certificates by the President, recording the success of their teams and the medals they have won.


Conclusion of the World Chess Team Championship


Final placing

With the aid of the Chief Arbiter, the Tournament Director shall draw up a list of the final placing, showing the teams in their precise order and giving their scores. This list is to be signed by both organizers and enclosed with the Chief Arbiter's concluding report to the FIDE President.


Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony with honours to the winning team shall be held in the evening on the day of the final round. It should follow the same guidelines as the opening ceremony (where applicable); in addition, the winning team's national anthem shall be played.


Payment of stipends

After the end of the contest, the administrator shall pay the sums specified in these regulations (as net amounts, after meeting any tax liability). At the option of the participants, he will pay them in person or arrange for transfer of the sums to their home countries or any other place they choose. For this purpose, the specific principles in D.II.01, article 1.3, shall apply.



As soon as possible, the Chief Arbiter and the chairman of the appeals committee shall deliver to the FIDE President an official written report on the course of the contest, with supporting documents if appropriate.

Within 4 weeks after the closing ceremony, the chairman of the organizing committee shall present the President with a general report of the proceedings. A copy shall be supplied to the organizing Federation.



Immediately after the end of the contest, the FIDE treasurer will present the administrator with the account of the expenses incurred by FIDE. Not later than 3 months after the closing ceremony, the administrator shall supply an official concluding balance sheet of the operation, which will give a concentrated synopsis of the overall income and expenditure and the administrator's net profit.

   FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov

FIDE President

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