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FIDE Statutes | Chapter 01 - Status, principles and aims of FIDE
Chapter 01 - Status, principles and aims of FIDE
The International Chess Federation or Federation Internationale
des Echecs, (referred to in the ensuing text as FIDE for short), is the
recognised international federation in the domain of chess, which was founded on
July 20, 1924 in Paris. FIDE is recognised by the International Olympic
Committee as the supreme body responsible for the game of chess and its
FIDE unites national chess federations throughout the world and
oversees all International competitions.
FIDE is concerned exclusively with chess activities. FIDE is
democratically established and bases itself on the principles of equal rights of
It rejects discriminatory treatment for national, political,
racial, social or religious reasons or on account of gender.
It observes a strict neutrality in the internal affairs of the
national chess federations.
- FIDE events (competitions, congresses, meetings) may be hosted only by
Federations in whose countries free access is generally assured to
representatives of all Federations.
- The General Assembly may take exceptions for reasons of state of war or
severe violence between countries, only on majority vote.
Chess is one of the most ancient, intellectual and cultural
games. It is a combination of sport, of scientific thinking and of the elements
The purpose and aim of FIDE are therefore the diffusion and
development of chess among all nations of the world, as well as the raising of
the level of chess culture and knowledge on a sporting, scientific, creative and
cultural basis. FIDE supports a close international cooperation of the chess
devotees in all fields of chess activity, thereby also aiming to improve
friendly harmony among all peoples of the world.
FIDE issues the rules of chess and the provisions pertaining to
the organization of the World Championships and all other FIDE chess
competitions. It awards the international chess titles. The General Assembly
issues rules of chess, decides on the regulations for all FIDE-competitions and
determines the conditions for the award of international titles.
FIDE competitions are in general open to players of both sex. A
competition described as a women's event is reserved for women players but women
players are entitled to compete in events as described as "men's events"
To facilitate the administrative work in FIDE, zones are
created, if possible according to regional points of view. Each
member-federation is assigned to a zone. The number of zones is not limited, but
a zone should be created only if chess or administrative reasons require it.
(1980 Congress Resolution: The General Assembly resolved that the following
criteria be used in the future when changes in the Zonal division are necessary:
a) geographic reasons; b) number of affiliated federations; c) strength of
organisation; d) combined number of chess players; e) number of rated players;
f) number of titled players; g) encouragement of play among affiliated
federations; h) special considerations.)